On Jane Addams

American Heroine: The life and legend of Jane Addams
Allen F. Davis
This book was deemed the best biography about Jane Addams by Victoria Bissell Brown, the author of Addams’ biography for American National Biography Online. According to Amazon.com, this is the standard biography though several have been written over the course of time.

“Jane Addams Famous Social Worker, Is Dead.”
Author unknown. Chicago Tribune 22 May 1935
This article contains several sections, many of which detail her illnesses and death. It also gives a brief history of the Hull House and Addams’ visits to Europe, emphasizing her work in international peace movements.

Chronology of Jane Addams
Louise W. Knight
An extremely detailed timeline of Jane Addams’ life.

Hull House Incorporated – The Professionalization of Social Work
An extensive biography that mentions within the first paragraph Jane Addams’ vision for the Hull House as written in the charter, “’to provide a center for a higher civic and social life; to institute and maintain education and philanthropic enterprises, and to investigate and improve the conditions in the industrial districts of Chicago.’”

Beloved Lady: A History of Jane Addams’ Ideas on Reform and Peace
Farrell, John C. & Eunice Carmichael Roberts
This book was recommended as the most informational writing on Addams’ political views by Victoria Bissell Brown, the author of Addams’ biography for American National Biography Online. The Indiana University History Department’s Eunice Carmichael Roberts writes that the book is unique in that it is an analysis of her intellectual development.

Citizen: Jane Addams and the struggle for democracy
Louise W. Knight
This web page includes a photo of the cover of this Jane Addams biography. It also addresses the format of the book and provides links where you can purchase the book.

Jane Addams: Spirit in Action
Louise W. Knight
This web page provides the summary from the book jacket, links to reviews, and endorsements for Louise W. Knight’s biography on Jane Addams, Jane Addams: Spirit in Action as well as links to interviews with the author. The page also includes links where you can purchase the book.

Jane Addams – Biographical
Nobel Prize Biography
The biography written for the Nobel Peace Prize website drastically narrows down Addams’ multitude of titles into only three; pioneer social worker, feminist, and internationalist. These broad labels encompass all of her interests and accomplishments.

Jane Addams (1860-1935): Social worker and Peace Builder
James D. Allen
This biography gives a fairly standard introduction and background of both Addams herself and the Hull House.

Twenty Years at Hull House by Jane Addams
Hypertext from University of Virginia:
Addams references the vision she and Starr had for the Hull House, “perhaps even in those first days we made a beginning toward that object which was afterwards stated in our charter: ‘to provide a center for higher civic and social life; to institute and maintain educational and philanthropic enterprises, and to investigate and improve the conditions in the industrial districts of Chicago.’”

Jane Addams: A Biography
James Weber Linn
This biography by a nephew of Addams’ provides an exclusive look into her life through her personal papers.

Works by Jane Addams

On Hull House

100 Years at Hull House
Mary Bryan and Allen Freeman Davis

Black Neighbors: Race and the Limits of Reform in the American Settlement House Movement, 1890-1945
Elisabeth Lasch-Quinn

Changing the Face of Medicine – Celebrating America’s Women Physicians
This biography of Dr. Alice Hamilton gives brief overview of Hamilton’s involvement with the Hull House and the Hull House’s impact on her in return.

1500 Idle Riot around Hull House & Women Help Slug Police; Bullets Fly
Author unknown Chicago Tribune 18 Jan 1915
The first article captures the different perspectives of community leaders on a riot that had ensued around the Hull House. The second article details the purpose and aftermath of the riot for the unemployed and explains Addams’ own role in the riot.

The Other Women of Hull House
Author unknown Chicago Tribune 27 Oct 1963
Short biographies of some of the other women involved in the Hull House (Florence Kelley, Julia Lathrop, and Dr. Alice Hamilton) and the contributions they made.

“A Hull House Visit Stirs Old Memories”
Author Unknown Chicago Tribune 4 July 1967
Former Hull House resident, Wallace W. Kirkland, revisited the House and describes the differences in the building and community as well as what it was like to live in the Hull House, and recounts his personal interactions with and impressions of Addams.

“Hull House Tours Will Mark End of 4-Year Restoration.”
Author Unknown Chicago Tribune 15 June 1967
This article includes photos and details the renovations the University of Illinois made to the Hull House after they saved it from demolition and took it on as part of their new campus.

Encyclopedia of Chicago Entry on Hull House
This entry gives a brief history of the Hull House and the players involved in its creation and maintenance, specifically during the first twenty years of its existence. Note: The entry has not been updated since 2012

Hull House Maps and Papers: A Presentation of Nationalities and Wages in a Congested District of Chicago, Together with Comments and Essays on Problems Growing Out of the Social Conditions
Jane Addams, Residents of Hull House, and Rima Lunin Shultz.

I Came a Stranger – The Story of a Hull House Girl
Hilda Satt Polacheck

Lines of Activity: Performance, Historiography, Hull House domesticity
Shannon Jackson

Mary Crane Nursery
This document states that the Mary Crane Nursery was organized by Jane Addams and Hull House in 1907. This nursery was one of the United States’ first experimental nursery schools and helped lay the foundation for today’s Early Childhood Education.

Jane Addams – Biographical
Nobel Prize Biography
Once Addams and Starr opened the doors of the Hull House, they quickly learned that the working class of Chicago was desperately in need of a variety of services.

Hull-House Maps and Papers: A Presentation of Nationalities and Wages in a Congested District of Chicago
Florence Kelley and Residents of Hull House
Maps of the Hull House’s surrounding area (the 19th ward) that are color-coded to indicate nationality and wage per week in different buildings and homes.

Pluralism & Progressives: Hull House and the New Immigrants, 1890-1919
Rivka Shpak Lissak

Pots of Promise: Mexicans and Pottery at Hull House, 1920-1940 (Latinos in Chicago and Midwest)
Cheryl Ganz, Margaret Strobel and Vicki L. Ruiz

The Many Faces of Hull House: The photographs of Wallace Kirkland
Mary Durham Johnson and Wallace Kirkland

The Social Welfare History Project: Florence Kelley
This detailed biography gives an overview of Kelley’s life and details her joining of the Hull House in 1891 along with three other key women (Addams, Lathrop, Starr).

The Social Welfare History Project: Julia Clifford Lathrop
This biography details how and when Lathrop became involved in the Hull House. Lathrop later became the Chief of the Children’s Bureau in 1912 where she was able to further advocate for the causes she fought for during her time at the Hull House.

Hull House – History of Hull House & Some of its Famous Residents
This article briefly details the Settlement House movement and the Hull House itself. It also lists many of the influential residents of Hull House, what each individual contributed to the Hull House, and what they went on to do after they finished their work at the Hull House.

Jane Addams Hull House Association (JAHHA)

“Emotional Goodbye to Hull House”
Leah Hope ABC 7 Chicago 27 January 2012
This article describes how the closing of the Hull House Association in 2012 and consequently the Parkway Community House services in the Woodland Community impacted the community members and former employees.

“Nonprofit world wonders how Hull House failed given executives on board”
Author unknown Crain’s Chicago Business 27 January 2012
This article describes the confusion felt by the nonprofit world as one of the oldest settlement organizations and longest-standing social service nonprofits failed into bankruptcy.

Chicago Park District: LeClaire Courts/Hearst Community
This website gives a description and brief history of the LeClaire Courts/Hearst Community’s services.

Curtains for the Uptown Hull House Center Theater
Deanna Isaacs Chicago Reader 25 June 2013
This article details the closing of the Uptown Hull House Center Theater, which was part of Hull House at some time.

Say Anything: Jane Addams Center Closing
Stefan Vilcins Chicago Reader 18 October 2001
This article provides information about the closing of the Jane Addams Center that closed under the direction of CEO Clarence Wood.

Unsettled at the Settlement House
Ben Joravsky Chicago Reader 16 August 2001
Additional details about the closing of the Jane Addams Center in Lakeview under the direction of Clarence Wood as CEO. Joravsky interviewed several staff members about their thoughts on the closing of the center.

“Inner City Youth Build Rapport at Camp”
Nancy Moss Chicago Tribune 29 July 1966
The article details Executive Director Paul Jans’ biggest claim to fame (and later failure) during his seven years in charge of the Hull House Association.

“Hull Houses New Man Moves In”
Sue Smith Chicago Tribune 24 Sept. 1969
The article details Robert T. Adams’ move to Chicago and provides a detailed biography focusing on his roots and the reasons for his plans for the future of Hull House.

“Jane Addams legacy is center-stage once more.”
Margaret Carrol Chicago Tribune 6 Sept. 1976
Though the article’s primary purpose is to advertise for an upcoming fundraising dinner for the Hull House Association that will honor Addams, it also outlines the programs the Association offered at the time.

“Jane Addams Hull House to close.”
Kate Thayer Chicago Tribune 19 Jan. 2012
This article recaps the number of programs, services, and individuals under the Jane Addams Hull House Association’s umbrella at the time of its closing.

Henry Booth House
This site gives information on the programs, the population the nonprofit serves, their vision, and the mission, and its core values which reflect pieces of what the Jane Addams Hull House Association provided to their clients.

“Did Hull House make a mistake by aggressively pursuing government dollars”
Suzanna Strassberger JUF News 28 Jan 2012
This post gives a brief financial history of the Jane Addams Hull House Association.

JAHHA & Metropolitan Family Services (MFS)

Hull House and Jane Addams Hull House Association Key Focus Areas: Education, Housing, Immigration

Chicago Housing Authority
Encyclopedia of Chicago
This entry details the history of the Chicago Housing Authority and the work Jane Addams did with Hull House.

“Jane Addams’ Significance in History and Education”
Hub Pages 11 Apr 16
This article highlights Addams’ beliefs on education and how those beliefs impacted education.

The Housing Problem in Chicago
Jane Addams and Robert W. de Forest. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications in association with the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 1902.
A collection of papers, including Jane Addams’ account of the housing conditions in Chicago.

Legacy

Arbetarnas Bildningsförbund
The Workers’ Educational Association Translated from Swedish
ABF is a politically independent organization that is involved in advocating for the working class through providing informal education for migrants and other populations.

“Creating a Modern Equivalent of the Original Hull House”
Micaela Beltran Interfaith Service Doyle Symposium at Georgetown University 22 April 2015
This piece outlines what Jane Addams set out to do by bringing the settlement house movement to the United States through the Hull House. Beltran suggests that the Greater Georgetown community could benefit from a settlement house established to tend to the specific needs of that area.

“Geddes at Hull House.”
Author unknown Chicago Tribune 1 April 1899
Though the article is quite short, it proves that Addams had a profound global impact. Patrick Geddes traveled from Edinburgh, Scotland to see what type of work the Hull House was doing and how they were doing it.

“Set up Hull Houses for 2013.”
Jay Pinzino & Jay Readey Chicago Tribune 20 Nov. 2013
This piece describes how the strategies and services detailed in Addams’ memoir, Twenty Years at Hull House from 1910 can be used to address the social issues of today’s Chicago.

“Juvenile Justice System Stems from 1899 Illinois Law”
Alexandra Wilding Capital News Service 1 June 2011
This article describes how an Illinois law from 1899 still impacts the way our government works today. The law was sponsored by Hull House and became the foundation for the Juvenile Justice System today.

Embodied Care: Jane Addams, Maurice Merleau-Ponty, and Feminist Ethics
Maurice Hamington Champaign: University of Illinois Press 2004
This book describes and proves how the body is an integral part to caretaking and receiving care. Along the way, Hamington describes how Jane Addams’ social activism and philosophy laid the foundation for today’s care ethics.

About Hull House Museum
The ‘About’ page of the Hull House Museum website describes how the museum stands as a memorial to Jane Addams and the work she did as a social reformer. The museum actively works to preserve the Hull House.

About Us: Heartland Alliance
This organization is still functioning today as an anti-poverty organization helping families and individuals in the United States and abroad. Heartland Alliance provides health, housing, jobs and justice services.

Inbaze
Inbaze Translated from Czech
Inbaze that provides immigrant families with a safe space learn about their new home (the Czech Republic) by offering consulting and assistance on social/legal services, and psychotherapy; creating community activities to celebrate families, inform individuals, and educate children; and by guiding a family through the process of getting formal education for the children.

Breaking the Poverty Cycle: Early Child Development and Parents’ Employment – Katymar
Innoserv
This link displays a video, description, and hyperlink to a case study about an impoverished community in Southern Hungary that recently implemented a child center that offered child care, early education, family support, etc. as well as a Social Land program created to better the economy and provide jobs in order to combat poverty and long-term unemployment.

Social enterprises for integration and development – Place de Bleu
Innoserv
This link displays a video, description, and hyperlink to a case study about an interior design company in Denmark called Place de Bleu that trains and employs immigrant women in producing home interior and accessories. The company that started Place de Bleu, Qaravane, strives to provide employment to immigrant women in Denmark and improves the lives of their families through offering them jobs and incorporating the background of each woman in the colors and designs of the products.

Models for Change
Julie L. Biehl Jane Addams Symposium in Chicago 16 Sept 2010
In this keynote, Biehl makes a clear connection between how the government treated children before the Progressive Era and how the government treats children now.

Hull House
New World Encyclopedia
In the section titled “Political Influence”, this encyclopedia entry outlines the extent the Hull House made an impact both locally and globally. Locally, the Hull House helped establish playgrounds, better education, political reforms, investigated housing, and working and sanitation advocacy. Municipally, the nation’s first juvenile court was created. On a federal level, Hull House members worked with the network of settlement houses in the United States and helped achieve items such as women’s suffrage, unemployment compensation, and worker’s compensation.

Jane Addams (1860-1935): Social worker and Peace Builder
James D. Allen International Online Journal
This biography details how Jane Addams’ mission and methods live on today in social work, social justice, social/political systems, and advocacy in general.

Jane Addams
Maurice Hamington Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy 7 June 2006
This biography is mostly comprised of information that could be found in other biographies until the last paragraph of the introduction, which explains that Addams’ values and methods are today called ‘care ethics.’

Settlement Houses: Old Idea in New Form Builds Communities
Barbara Trainin Blank The New Social Worker Summer 1998
This article details how the initial formation of settlement houses in the United States is still impacting the way we deliver social services and programs today. Though new issues have arisen since the initial development of the settlement house movement in the late 1800s, the original principals, values, and methods of houses like the Hull House are still very useful and effective today.

Innovation House Program
Inspired in part by the settlement house model, the program is an example of how young individuals can impact communities today.

From Charitable Volunteers to Architects of Social Welfare: A Brief History of Social Work
Nili Tannenbaum and Michael Reisch Ongoing Magazine Fall 2001
This article covers the history of social work from its inception in religious institutions to its current place in the world in the 21st century an Jane Addams’ and the Hull House’s pivot towards the professionalism of social work.

Harrington: The Legacy of Jane Addams
Margaret Harrington Vermont Digger 31 Dec 2013
A brief overview of Addams’ lasting accomplishments including the Jane Addams Peace Association, the Hull House, kindergarten, and labor unions.

List of Active Settlement Houses
Wikipedia
A list of the active settlement houses in England, Australia, Canada, and the United States, including Chicago’s Association House of Chicago, Benton House, Chicago Commons and Northwestern University Settlement House.

What we do: Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom
This webpage details the international work that has continued since WILF was established in 1915. This work is centered around bringing “together women from around the world who are united in working for peace by non-violent means and promoting political, economic and social justice for all.”

History: Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom
This webpage gives the history of the Women’s International League of Peace and Freedom.

The Origins of the Juvenile Justice System in America
Alden Long World Socialist Website 11 Nov 1999
The article describes the work Jane Addams did as a leading advocate for children leading to the enactment the Juvenile Court Act in 1899.

The History of Child Labor in the United States: Hammer v. Dagenhart
Sharron Solomon-McCarthy Yale–New Haven Teachers Institute 2004
This article explains that the first major step in child labor reform began with the organized group formed by Hull House resident Florence Kelley in 1904.

Experts on Jane Addams/Hull House

Louise W. Knight
Author, lecturer, and historian.

Jennifer A.Scott
Hull House Museum Director.

Margaret Strobel. Ph.D.
Now retired. Director of the Jane Addams Hull House Museum at the University of Illinois at Chicago.

Judy Whipps, Ph.D.
Professor of Liberal Studies and Philosophy Department, Union Institute, Grand Valley State University.

Lisa Yun Lee, Ph.D.
Director of the Department of Art and Art History, University of Illinois at Chicago, a visiting curator at the Jane Addams Hull-House Museum, and a member of the Art History, Museum and Exhibition Studies, and Gender and Women’s Studies faculty at the University of Illinois at Chicago. Lee was formerly Director of the Jane Addams Hull House Museum.

Images & Graphics

“Jane Addams Famous Social Worker, Is Dead.”
Author unknown. Chicago Tribune 22 May 1935

The Other Women of Hull House
Author unknown Chicago Tribune 27 Oct 1963

“Hull House: A legend on film.”
Author Unknown Chicago Tribune 2 Sept. 1980
Photos by Wallace W. Kirkland documenting various aspects of the Hull House including workers, children, and women.

Images of America Hull-House
Peggy Glowacki & Julia Hendry.
This book of photos by Cheryl R. Ganz, Margaret Strobel, and Vicki L. Ruiz showcases the various programs and services offered by the Hull House as well as profiles many of the individuals involved in the creation of the Hull House.

Hull House Maps and Papers: A Presentation of Nationalities and Wages in a Congested District of Chicago, Together with Comments and Essays on Problems Growing Out of the Social Conditions
Jane Addams, Residents of Hull House, and Rima Lunin Shultz.
Maps of the Hull House’s surrounding area (the 19th ward) that are color-coded to indicate nationality and wage per week in different buildings and homes.

Hull House Yearbook Photos
University of Illinois at Chicago
134 photos of various Hull House scenes.

Other Sources

Florence Kelley’s article, Hull House, written for New England Magazine

History of Hull House Settlement House: Archival Resources

Interview with Chairman of the Board, Steve Saunders, about the closing and impact of the JAHHA

Interview with Louise W. Knight on Jane Addams: Spirit in Action – The Diane Rehm Show (transcript and audio file)

Jane Addams Digital Edition: Searchable collection of published/unpublished works written by, to, or about Jane Addams

Jane Addams Hull House Association Facebook Page (until closing)

Jesse F. Binford talks with Studs Terkel about Jane Addams on WFMT, 02 June 1960: Interview of a longtime Hull House resident and coworker of Jane Addams

Stuff You Missed in History Class – Missed in History: Jane Addams Part 1: Podcast about Jane Addams’ early life and her work at the Hull House

Stuff You Missed in History Class – Missed in History: Jane Addams Part 2: Podcast about Jane Addams’ later career as a philosopher, advocate, and peacemaker

Social Justice for All – The Closing of Hull House (includes complete mission statement)

Quotes by Jane Addams

What Would Jane Addams Do?: Audio file of a panel of experts from NASW from May 1966 discussing immigrant/migrant services, the mission of social workers today, and what Addams’ thoughts would be on 1960s social welfare policies.

Your Chicago Podcast #32 – Jane Addams Hull House: In the podcast, hosts Arden Joy and Stefania, interview the Exhibition Assistant and Museum Educator of the Jane Addams Hull House, Rachel Shrock, about the broad impact the Jane Addams Hull House and other Chicago history.